Words from the (investment) wise for the week that was (July 6 – 12, 2009)
As I reluctantly start packing my bags after a most enjoyable two weeks of R&R in Europe (see my posts on Slovenia and Switzerland), “Words from the Wise” comes to you a bit more cryptically than usual. However, a full dose of excerpts from interesting news items and quotes from market commentators is included.
Despite having crisscrossed Heidi’s country, I have yet to find the elusive Swiss gnomes to glean what they make of financial markets at this juncture. Meanwhile, the past week has been characterized by a fresh wave of risk aversion, as uncertainty over the global economic outlook took its toll on stock markets, commodities and precious metals, and investors favored safe-haven assets such as government bonds and the Japanese yen.
The S&P 500 Index, Dow Jones Industrial Index and the Reuters/Jeffries CRB Index – all now in corrective mode – closed down for a fourth consecutive week, while US Treasuries recorded gains for a fifth straight week and the Japanese yen for four out of the past five weeks.
The yen is often seen as a global barometer of risk aversion. The graph below demonstrates the strong inverse relationship between the movements of the yen (against the euro, in this case) and those of the Dow Jones World Index. As shown, a falling yen indicates risk tolerance (and a willingness to buy risky assets) and a rising yen shows risk aversion (and an indisposition towards risky assets). A downturn in the yen exchange rate could be a good indicator to keep an eye out for confirmation of better times ahead for stocks and commodities.
Also featuring prominently in investment discussions during the week were the viability of the Public-Private Investment Program (PPIP) and the merits of a second stimulus package – calls for this comes at a time when estimates of trillion-dollar fiscal deficits and unsustainable debt levels are raising inflation expectations and putting upward pressure on long-term yields, thus partly undoing the Fed’s monetary easing.
Source: Eric Allie, July 8, 2009.
A summary of the movements of major stock markets for the past week, as well as various other measurement periods, is given below. As the second-quarter earnings results in the US start rolling in, the American and most other markets closed the week in negative territory, with the Shanghai Composite Index being one of the few major benchmarks to make headway.
With the exception of the Nasdaq Composite Index, the major US indices are all back in the red for the year to date.
Click here or on the table below for a larger image.
Stock market returns for the week ranged from top performers Nepal (+5.3%), Croatia (+3.0%), Uganda (+3.0%), Ecuador (+2.9%) and the Philippines (+2.4%) to India (-9.4%), Egypt (-8.5%), Argentina (-8.2%), Russia (-8.1%) and Kuwait (-7.6%) at the other end of the scale.
Of the 98 stock markets I keep an eye on, a majority of 64% recorded losses, 34% showed gains and 2% were unchanged. (Click here to access a complete list of global stock market movements, as supplied by Emerginvest.)
John Nyaradi (Wall Street Sector Selector) reports that as far as exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are concerned, the winners for the week included “all things short” such as ProShares Short MidCap 400 (MYY) (+3.5%), ProShares Short SmallCap 600 (SBB) (+3.2%) and ProShares Short S&P 500 (SH) (+2.0%). Among the long ETFs, WisdomTree Dreyfus Japanese Yen (JYF) (+3.7%), CurrencyShares Japanese Yen (FXY) (+3.7%) and iShares MSCI Taiwan (EWT) (+2.9%) performed well.
On the losing side of the ledger, ETFs were centered in the energy sectors, including PowerShares Solar Energy (PBW) (-12.3%), Claymore Solar Index (TAN) (-12.1%) and United States Oil (USO) (-10.1%). Market Vectors Russia (RSX) (-12.6%) also had a rough ride.
The quote du jour this week comes from Richard Russell, 84-year-old doyen of newsletter writers who has been scribing the Dow Theory Letters for the past 50 years. Russell said: “The whole bailout campaign stinks to high heaven. It was created and run by Wall Street – FOR Wall Street. Again, I say, personally, I wouldn’t have lifted a finger to bail Wall Street out. Let all these Wall Street thieves stew in their own toxic juices. Thieves should be out on the street or in jail, not luxuriating in government bailout money.
“In the end, the bailouts will simply extend the bear market in stocks and the economy. The Wall Streeters will be richer, and the nation will be poorer, choking on trillions in debt that will keep future generations struggling to deal with the sins of Wall Street. Too bad Obama didn’t have the courage (or knowledge) to tell the nation what was going on. Obama should have said, ‘sit tight’ and ‘this too shall pass’. Unfortunately, after the trillions spent in bailouts, ‘this too will not pass’.
Next, a quick textual analysis of my week’s reading. No surprises here, with all the usual suspects such as “market”, “banks”, “economy” and “financial” featuring prominently. Although (interest) “rates” had some prominence, other key words such as “dollar” and “China” were relatively quiet.
Back to equities: The key moving-average levels for the major US indices are given in the table below. The S&P 500 Index on Tuesday breached the important 200-day line to the downside (for the third time in 26 trading days), joining the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Dow Jones Transportation Index in bearish mode. The US indices are also all trading below their respective 50-day moving averages.
I have also added the BRIC countries and South Africa (my home country) to the table. All these markets are above the 200-day averages, having previously broken out of base formations. However, with the exception of China, the emerging markets have all recently broken below their 50-day moving average support lines. Importantly, the 50-day lines are in all instances still above the 200-day lines and therefore not yet threatening the bullish “golden crosses” established when the 50-day averages broke upwards through the 200-day averages.
Click here or on the table below for a larger image.
Additionally, the Dow Industrial Average and S&P 500 Index on Tuesday also broke through the “neckline” of a head-and-shoulders formation – a bearish event. For more on this, key levels and the most likely short-term direction of the S&P 500 Index, Adam Hewison’s (INO.com) short technical analysis provides valuable insight. Click here to access the presentation. The analysis was done on Tuesday, but is still as relevant today as it was a few days ago. (Adam also covered the outlook for crude oil and the dollar/yen exchange rate in recent analyses. Click the links to view these.)
The first meaningful pullback since the March 9 low has brought the bears out of the woods. According to Bespoke, the weekly poll of the American Association of Individual Investors (AAII) shows bearish sentiment currently at 54.65% – higher than any other point since March 5.
Source: Bespoke, July 9, 2009.
“The onus is now on bulls to keep stocks buoyant. The technical breakdown of stocks is complete. Unless stocks rally robustly for several days – not just a one-day surge – stocks are likely to test 850 on the S&P 500 and then the very important 825 level …,” added Bill King (The King Report).
Richard Russell, highlighted the latest statistic from Lowry Research, saying: “Turning to the current market, what to me is most significant is that Lowry’s Buying Power Index (demand) is collapsing. As a matter of fact, it’s now below the level that it was on March 9. Meanwhile, the Selling Pressure Index (supply), after moving sideways for months, is now trending higher. This is a bearish combination and calls for a very defensive stance. On top of everything else, total NYSE volume is fading, particularly on days when the broad market is higher. It’s obvious that buyers of stocks are becoming scarce. Despite ‘Green Shoots’ nonsense, the stock market doesn’t like what it sees. And neither do I.”
The last word on stocks goes to Teun Draaisma, highly regarded equity strategist at Morgan Stanley, who argued that there were “plenty of opportunities to make money beyond the market direction call” by pursuing a strategy that he described as “the middle ground”, as reported by the Financial Times.
“Macro and the next big market move have become everyone’s favourite investment topic over the past two years. We suspect it is time to move on to the micro of sectors, stocks and styles,” he said.
Draaisma’s large “middle ground” of investment opportunities includes “the forgotten market” Japan and “sectors that are cheap and under-owned with improving fundamentals” such as utilities, telcos and energy. Also “buying stocks with a management change, financial restructuring or a change of focus can be very lucrative”.
The technicals undoubtedly look ugly, and investors will now focus on the second-quarter earnings reports as a test of whether stock prices have run away from fundamental reality. While investors wait for Mr Market to show his hand, a cautious approach is warranted but that should not preclude one from finding stocks that look cheap.
For more discussion on the direction of stock markets, see my recent posts “Stock markets rolling over“, “How to play a stock market correction“, “Technical talk: S&P 500 – expect retest sequence“, “Rosenberg interview: Cold truth about the economy and markets” and “Video-o-rama: Fresh wave of risk aversion“. (And do make a point of listening to Donald Coxe’s webcast of July 10, which can be accessed from the sidebar of the Investment Postcards site.)
Edward Hugh (Global Economic Perspectives) said: “Global manufacturing took another step towards growth in June – but the process was, as ever, uneven. The JPMorgan Global Manufacturing PMI posted 46.9, its highest reading since last August. Only 4 PMIs – those for China, India, Turkey and Sweden – posted growth readings in June (although Sweden is not included in the JPMorgan survey). There was a general easing in the rates of contraction recorded elsewhere. The next two to three months will now be critical in order to decide whether the [manufacturing] sector is going to move over to expansion mode, and if it does, at what pace.”
Source: Global Economic Perspectives
The IMF’s World Economic Outlook reported that the global economy was beginning to emerge from the recession but “stabilization is uneven and the recovery is expected to be sluggish”. Economic growth was projected at 0.5 percentage points higher than in April 2009 or a 1.4% contraction in 2009 and 2.5% growth in 2010. Advanced economies were expected to contract by 3.8% in 2009 and expand by 0.6% in 2010, whereas emerging markets would slow sharply, growing by only 1.5% in 2009 before rebounding to 4.7% in 2010.
Source: IMF’s World Economic Outlook, July 8, 2009.
Interestingly, the report also published financial stress indices for advanced and emerging economies, showing these have receded markedly since the beginning of 2009. However, the report mentioned that “improvements are far from uniform across markets and countries” and “bank lending conditions are expected to remain tight and external financing conditions constrained for a considerable time”.
Source: IMF’s World Economic Outlook, July 8, 2009.
A snapshot of the week’s US economic data is provided below. (Click on the dates to see Northern Trust‘s assessment of the various data releases.)
Also, late payments on home-equity loans rose to a record in the first quarter as 18 straight months of job losses and a slumping economy left more borrowers unable to pay their debts, the American Bankers Association reported (via Bloomberg). Delinquencies on home-equity loans climbed to 3.52% of all accounts from 3.03% in the fourth quarter.
Summarizing the US economic outlook, with specific reference to the stimulus plan, Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust) said: “At the present time, it is necessary to assess if the stimulus package is working in the preferred direction and if modifications and enhancements are called for, but it is imprudent to declare that it is not successful and a sheer waste of tax dollars or that a bigger package is necessary.
“In recent days, much to the chagrin of economic bears, a wide range of economic reports point to improving economic conditions. Without doubt more bullish economic data are necessary to confirm that the economy is on firm footing. The intensity and nature of the economic and financial market crisis that has been under way suggests that economic miracles will not materialize in a short period, which means that a weak economic report does not translate into going back to the drawing board in a panic.”
Source: Yahoo Finance, July 10, 2009.
The US economic highlights for the coming week include the following:
Source: Northern Trust
Click the link below for the following economics reports:
“If you get all the facts, your judgment can be right; if you don’t get all the facts, it can’t be right,” said Bernard Baruch. Let’s hope that the news items and quotes from market commentators included in the “Words from the Wise” review will assist Investment Postcards readers to focus on the facts rather than having to wade through a plethora of noise.
For short comments – maximum 140 characters – on topical economic and market issues, web links and graphs, you can also follow me on Twitter by clicking here.
That’s the way it looks from Veysonnaz, a quaint Alpine village in the south-western part of Switzerland from where I will be heading back to Cape Town early next week.
Faith in the US dollar is waning – the greenback’s role as the world’s main reserve currency is being challenged by the Chinese …
Source: Economist.com, July 9, 2009.
MoneyNews: Pope calls for new world financial order
“In ‘Charity in Truth’, Benedict denounced the profit-at-all-cost mentality of the globalized economy and lamented that greed had brought about the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression.
“‘Profit is useful if it serves as a means toward an end,’ he wrote. ‘Once profit becomes the exclusive goal, if it is produced by improper means and without the common good as its ultimate end, it risks destroying wealth and creating poverty.’
“The document, in the works for two years and repeatedly delayed to incorporate the fallout from the crisis, was released one day before leaders of the Group of Eight industrialized nations meet to coordinate efforts to deal with the global meltdown.
“The release was clearly designed to give world leaders a strong moral imperative to correct errors of the past, ‘which wreaked such havoc on the real economy’, and make a more socially just and responsible world financial order.
“‘The economy needs ethics in order to function correctly – not any ethics, but an ethics which is people centered,’ he wrote.”
Source: MoneyNews, July 7, 2009.
Wolfgang Münchau (Financial Times): Liquidity injections alone are not enough
“The main reason for its longevity is the state of the banking sector. The European Central Bank has recently pumped €442bn in one-year liquidity into the system, but the money is not reaching the real economy. Japanese-style stagnation is no longer possible – it is already here. The only question is how long it will last. Even in an optimistic scenario, global economic growth will be weighed down by a combination of credit squeeze, rising unemployment, rising bankruptcies, rising default rates, and balance sheet adjustment in the household and financial sectors.
“I would expect the US to have something approaching a genuine recovery at some point in the next decade, but probably not in 2010 or 2011. Judging by the co-ordination failure at the level of the European Union, the persistent failure to deal with the continent’s 40 or so cross-border banks at European level, and in particular Germany’s inability to sort out its toxic-asset contaminated Landesbanken, the economic prospects for the eurozone are infinitely worse.
“From comments by senior central bankers in the US and Europe, I am sure they understand the gravity of the situation very well. Janet Yellen, present of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, warned last week that the recovery would be agonisingly slow, that unemployment could stay high for many years, and that interest rates might stay low for a long time.
“I would also interpret the decidedly downbeat statement last week by Jean-Claude Trichet, president of the European Central Bank, as a sign that the ECB is getting more worried – when others are getting more optimistic. In Europe, there is some evidence that the credit crunch has deteriorated in recent weeks. Much of that evidence is anecdotal, but these anecdotes are disquieting.
“Companies who file for bankruptcy increasingly blame the banks, and the number of bankruptcies is rising rapidly. Only a fool would take comfort from the strength in economic indicators. During a financial crisis, these indicators could be a metric of its respondents’ degree of delusion.
“The problem is that the trillions of dollars and euros in liquidity are not getting through. There is no point in blaming the banks.”
Click here for the full article.
Source: Wolfgang Münchau, Financial Times, July 5, 2009.
Lucian Bebchuk (The Wall Street Journal): The fall of the toxic-assets plan
“The toxic assets clogging banks’ balance sheets have long been viewed – by both the Bush and the Obama administrations – as being at the heart of the financial crisis. Secretary Geithner put forward in March a ‘public-private investment program’ (PPIP) to provide up to $1 trillion to investment funds run by private managers and dedicated to purchasing troubled assets. The plan aimed at ‘cleansing’ banks’ books of toxic assets and producing prices that would enable valuing toxic assets still remaining on these books.
“The program naturally attracted much attention, and the Treasury and the FDIC have begun implementing it. Recently, however, one half of the program, focused on buying toxic loans from banks, was shelved. The other half, focused on buying toxic securities from both banks and other financial institutions, is expected to begin operating shortly but on a much more modest scale than initially planned.
“What happened? Banks’ balance sheets do remain clogged with toxic assets, which are still difficult to value. But the willingness of banks to sell toxic assets to investment funds has been killed by decisions of accounting authorities and banking regulators.
“Earlier in the crisis, banks’ reluctance to sell toxic assets could have been attributed to inability to get prices reflecting fair value due to the drying up of liquidity. If the PIPP program began operating on a large scale, however, that would no longer been the case.
“Armed with ample government funding, the private managers running funds set under the program would be expected to offer fair value for banks’ assets. Indeed, because the government’s funding would come in the form of non-recourse financing, many have expressed worries that such fund managers would have incentives to pay even more than fair value for banks’ assets. The problem, however, is that banks now have strong incentives to avoid selling toxic assets at any price below face value even when the price fully reflects fair value.
“A month after the PPIP program was announced, under pressure from banks and Congress, the US Financial Accounting Standards Board watered down accounting rules and made it easier for banks not to mark down the value of toxic assets. For many toxic assets whose fundamental value fell below face value, banks may avoid recognizing the loss as long as they don’t sell the assets.”
Click here for the full article.
Source: Lucian Bebchuk, The Wall Street Journal, July 10, 2009.
Financial Times: EU plans new push on bank reform
“A draft report expected to be backed by EU finance ministers in Brussels on Tuesday says that there is a ‘strong case’ for curbing existing rules on banks’ funding needs, which critics say exacerbate the ups and downs of economic cycles.
“The report recommends accounting reforms and other policy measures to build more resilient capital ‘buffers’ during good economic times.
“The aim of the new laws would be to make it easier for banks to build up provisions in good times without having to assign the money to specific impaired assets. These funds could then be used to weather future economic storms.”
Source: Nikki Tait, Chris Bryant and Patrick Jenkins, Financial Times, July 6, 2009.
The Wall Street Journal: GM takes new direction
“The new company will put a premium on speed, accountability and risk taking, and root out the layers of management that had hobbled decision making, he said at a news conference.
“‘Business as usual is over at GM,’ Mr. Henderson said. He said the company was scrapping a number of senior posts and has disbanded two committees of top executives that made key decisions for the company’s automotive operations. Mr. Henderson expects hundreds of middle managers to be let go in the weeks ahead, and the company’s sales and marketing operation will be reorganized.
“‘Our culture to this point has been an impediment,’ Mr. Henderson, a 25-year GM veteran, said. ‘This is all about flattening the management structure.’
“Mr. Henderson said he is adopting some techniques used by the alliance of Renault SA and Nissan Motor Co., led by Carlos Ghosn. Several of GM’s highest-ranking executives studied Mr. Ghosn’s approach in 2006 while GM’s board weighed a potential merger with Nissan-Renault.
“Mr. Henderson and his top lieutenants also are planning to hit the road in August to talk to dealers and consumers to gain insight into the US market. In the past, GM based much of its decision making on market-research studies, focus groups and strategy meetings among executives. Dealers said the company needs to reconnect with consumers.”
Source: John Stoll and Sharon Terlep, The Wall Street Journal, July 11, 2009.
Financial Times: Transformed GM
Source: Financial Times, July 10, 2009.
MoneyNews: IMF – global recession ending
“In an update of its World Economic Outlook, the IMF said the global economy is likely to contract 1.4% this year, a touch steeper than the 1.3% decline it expected in April.
“However, it now sees world economic growth of 2.5% in 2010, compared with an April projection of 1.9%.
“‘Financial conditions have improved more than expected, owing mainly to public intervention, and recent data suggest that the rate of decline in economic activity is moderating, although to varying degrees among regions,’ the IMF said.
“The IMF said while the world’s advanced economies are expected to recover slightly next year, growth will remain below potential until later in 2010, suggesting unemployment will continue to rise.
“It said the US economy will contract 2.6% this year, slightly less than it thought in April, with growth resuming in 2010 albeit at a mere 0.8%.
“It said the euro-area economy would shrink by 4.8% in 2009, a downward revision of 0.6% from its April forecast. Next year, the IMF said the euro-area would contract 0.3%, slightly less than it forecast in April.
“Japan’s economy is expected to contract by 6% this year, with growth resuming slightly to around 1.7% next year, the IMF said.
“Emerging and developing countries are likely to regain growth momentum during the second half of 2009, it said.
“In a separate updated report, the fund underscored the need for sustained economic stimulus.
“‘Financial conditions have improved, as unprecedented policy intervention has reduced the risk of systemic collapse and expectations of economic recovery have risen,’ it said in an update to its global financial stability report.
“‘Nonetheless, vulnerabilities remain and complacency must be avoided.'”
Source: MoneyNews, July 8, 2009.
Bloomberg: G-8 says recovery is too weak to withdraw stimulus
“President Barack Obama pressed for the door to remain open to more stimulus measures as a renewed stock-market drop stirred concern that $2 trillion spent worldwide so far hasn’t jolted consumers and businesses back to life.
“‘The G-8 needed to sound a second wakeup call for the world economy,’ British Prime Minister Gordon Brown told reporters yesterday in L’Aquila, Italy, after the opening sessions of the leaders’ annual gathering. ‘There are warning signals about the world economy that we cannot ignore.’
“Divergences over what to do next and calls from developing nations to do more to counter the slump underscored the G-8’s limited room for maneuver. The biggest borrowing spree in 60 years has failed to halt rising unemployment and left investors doubting the strength of the recovery.
“‘We’ve been advocating stimulate now, consolidate later,’ Angel Gurria, secretary general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, told Bloomberg Television today from the summit. ‘You’re not going to remove the stimulus now. It’s too early.'”
Source: Helene Fouquet and James Neuger, Bloomberg, July 9, 2009.
Telegraph: Shipping flashes early warning signals again
“Amrita Sen at Barclays Capital says the number of Baltic Dry ships waiting to berth – mostly in China and Australia – has begun to fall after peaking at 154 in mid-June.
“The Capesize Iron Ore Port Congestion Index is replicating the pattern seen a year ago just before the commodity boom tipped over.
“‘The anecdotal evidence we are hearing is that vessel queues have been falling. There are reports of cancelled tonnage from China pointing to a slowdown in Chinese buying of coal and iron ore.
“‘We are definitely expecting a correction. People have been building stocks of iron ore too quickly in anticipation of the stimulus package in China,’ she said.
“The Baltic Dry Index measuring freight rates jumped 450% in the first half of the year on the China rebound, but has begun to fall back over the last two weeks. (Sen doubts freight rates will recover much since 1000 new ships are hitting the market this year and again next year, compared to 300 in normal years. There is obviously a horrendous shipping glut).”
Source: Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Telegraph, July 8, 2009.
Bloomberg: Obama adviser says US should mull second stimulus
“The current plan ‘will have a positive effect, but the real economy is a sicker patient,’ Tyson said in a speech in Singapore today [Tuesday]. The package will have a more pronounced impact in the third and fourth quarters, she added, stressing that she was speaking for herself and not the administration.
“Tyson’s comments contrast with remarks made two days ago by Vice President Joe Biden and fellow Obama adviser Austan Goolsbee, who said it was premature to discuss crafting another stimulus because the current measures have yet to fully take effect. The government is facing criticism that the first package was rolled out too slowly and failed to stop unemployment from soaring to the highest in almost 26 years.
“‘The economy is worse than we forecast on which the stimulus program was based,’ Tyson, who is a member of Obama’s Economic Recovery Advisory board, told the Nomura Equity Forum. ‘We probably have already 2.5 million more job losses than anticipated.’
“‘The money is just really starting to come out in more significant amounts now,” Tyson said. “The stimulus is performing close to expectations but not in timing.'”
Source: Shamim Adam, Bloomberg, July 7, 2009.
The Wall Street Journal: Economists say no to a second stimulus
Financial Times: Fed warns on Congressional scrutiny
“Ron Paul, the Texas Republican, has gathered the support of a majority of the House of Representatives for a bill that would audit the Fed’s monetary policy decisions. He told a Congressional hearing he wanted the power to prevent the Fed being ‘secret and clandestine and serving special interests’.
“The Fed is struggling to face down a political backlash from different parts of Congress amid scepticism over its policies designed to restart the flow of credit and the award of new powers to curb systemic risks.
“Donald Kohn, vice-chairman of the Fed, argued at the House financial services subcommittee hearing that any sense of political interference would negatively affect markets. ‘Any substantial erosion of the Federal Reserve’s monetary independence likely would lead to higher long-term interest rates as investors begin to fear future inflation,’ he said.
“Not only did Mr Kohn argue that the Fed should be given the power to regulate large systemically significant companies, but he argued against giving up responsibility for consumer protection, asking Congress to overturn the Obama administration’s proposal to create a new Consumer Financial Protection Agency.
“‘I would hope that the Congress might think about whether there are ways of strengthening the Federal Reserve’s commitment to consumer regulation as an alternative to creating a new regulator,’ he said.”
Source: Tom Braithwaite, Financial Times, July 9, 2009.
Philip Aldrick (Telegraph): US lurching towards “debt explosion” with long-term interest rates on course to double
“The impact would be devastating by making it punitively expensive to finance national borrowings and leading to what Tim Congdon, founder of Lombard Street Research, called a ‘debt explosion’. Mr Laubach’s study has implications for the UK, too, as public debt is soaring. A US crisis would have implications for the rest of the world, in any case.
“Using historical examples for his paper, New Evidence on the Interest Rate Effects of Budget Deficits and Debt, Mr Laubach came to the conclusion that ‘a percentage point increase in the projected deficit-to-GDP ratio raises the 10-year bond rate expected to prevail five years into the future by 20 to 40 basis points, a typical estimate is about 25 basis points’.
“The US deficit has blown out from 3% to 13.5% in the past year but long-term rates are largely unchanged. Assuming Mr Laubach’s ‘typical estimate’, long-term rates have to climb 2.5 percentage points.
“He added: ‘Similarly, a percentage point increase in the projected debt-to-GDP ratio raises future interest rates by about 4 to 5 basis points.’ Economists are predicting a wide range of ratios but Mr Congdon said it was ‘not unreasonable” to assume debt doubling to 140%. At that level, Mr Laubach’s calculations would see long-term rates rise by 3.5 percentage points.
“Mr Congdon said the study illustrated the ‘horrifying’ consequences for leading western economies of bailing out their banks and attempting to stimulate markets by cutting taxes and boosting public spending. He said the markets had failed to digest fully the scale of fiscal largesse and said ‘current gilt yields [public debt] are extraordinary low given the size of deficits’.
“Should the cost of raising or refinancing public debt in the markets double, ‘the debt could just explode’, he said, adding that it would come to a head in ‘five to 10 years’.”
Source: Philip Aldrick, Telegraph, July 6, 2009.
Nouriel Roubini (Forbes): Brown manure, not green shoots
“It’s clear that even if the recession were to be over anytime soon – and it’s not going to be over before the end of the year – job losses are going to continue for at least another year and a half. Historically, during the last two recessions, job losses continued for at least a year and a half after the recession was over. During the 2001 recession, the recession was over in November 2001, and job losses continued through August 2003 for a cumulative loss of jobs of over 5 million; this time we are already seeing more than 6 million job losses and the recession is not over.
“The details of the unemployment report are even worse than the headline. Not only are there large job losses right now, but as a way of sharing the pain, firms are inducing workers to reduce hours and hourly wages. Therefore, when we’re looking at the effect of the labor market on labor income, we should consider that the total value of labor income is the product of jobs, hours and average hourly wages – and that all three elements are falling right now. So the effect on labor income is much more significant than job losses alone.”
Click here for the full article.
Source: Nouriel Roubini, Forbes, July 9, 2009.
BCA Research: US economy – it looks like a recovery
“The ISM for the non-manufacturing sector reinforced that the economy is stabilizing following the ‘sudden stop’ that occurred in the fourth quarter of last year. The new orders index rose to a post-Lehman high and is probing expansionary territory, indicating companies are regaining some confidence in final demand. This is corroborated by the continuing rise in the employment component, which shows that businesses are slowing the pace of job cuts, despite June’s disappointing payroll figures.
“The ISM surveys signal that the economy is on the cusp of a recovery. Investor conviction, however, will only come with evidence that the US consumer is beginning to spend a bit more freely, which we expect to see over the next several months.”
Source: BCA Research, July 8, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): CEO Business Confidence moves up in the second quarter
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 8, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Trade gap posts significant improvement in May
“After adjusting for inflation, the trade deficit of goods narrowed to $36.2 billion. This is the smallest trade deficit since December 1999 ($35.31 billion). The significant improvement in the trade deficit is a big plus for second quarter real GDP and for the long term status of the economy.”
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 10, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): ISM Survey points to moderation in pace of decline in economic activity
“Both the non-manufacturing and manufacturing composite indexes have a strong positive correlation with the quarter-to-quarter change in real GDP. The recent moderation in these composite indexes points to a moderation in the pace at which real GDP is declining.”
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 6, 2009.
Bill King (The King Report): Labor situation much worse than headline numbers depict
“John Williams (Shadow Government Statistics) on the goofy B/D Model: ‘The system was not designed to accommodate recessions, but the benchmark revisions tended to show a pattern of fairly consistent overstatement with the annual revisions, regardless of the business cycle. During the reporting cycle covering the 1990 to 1991 recession, a particularly large downward benchmark revision in previously reported payrolls levels was blamed partially on the BLS assuming that companies that had stopped reporting during the recession still were in business, with proportionate payroll employment attributed to them by the BLS. The problem was that much of the non-reporting reflected companies going out of business. The bulk of that modeling was based on periods of economic growth.
“‘The unadjusted annual decline in June payrolls was the deepest since a similar decline at the trough of the 1958 recession, but still shy of the 4.9% trough seen in the 1949 downturn. When the 1949 annual low growth is broken, possibly next month, the annual percentage contraction in payrolls will be the most severe since the production shutdown following World War II.'”
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Initial Jobless Claims report – seasonally distortion
“Using seasonally unadjusted jobless claims numbers eliminates the problem of interpreting data with seasonal distortions. Seasonally unadjusted data indicate that on a year-to-year basis, initial jobless claims advanced 56% in June versus larger gains in the prior months. The peak appears to have occurred in February (86% yoy increase). The chart below points out that the worst in the labor market is most likely behind us.
“Continuing claims, which lag initial claims by one week, increased 159,000 to 6.883 million and the insured unemployment rate rose to 5.1% from 5.0% in the prior week.”
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 9, 2009.
Yahoo Finance: Retailers report weak June sales
“As retailers reported their monthly figures Thursday, the weakness cut across all sectors but hit mall-based clothing stores particularly hard.
“Same-store sales – sales at stores open at least a year – are considered a key indicator of a retailer’s health.
“‘Consumers are under severe pressure on the job front, so discretionary spending is just not happening,’ said Ken Perkins, president of retail consulting firm Retail Metrics.
“… financial worries are clearly discouraging shoppers too. The latest federal jobs report, which showed wages shrinking and higher job losses than expected in June, is increasing concerns about consumers’ ability to spend in the months ahead.”
Source: Anne D’Innocenzio, Yahoo Finance, July 9, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Consumer outlook turns a bit sour once again
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 10, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Consumers continue to borrow less but pace of decline is notable
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 8, 2009.
Clusterstock: Hey, America, get ready to support your parents
“But the US and the UK still have better odds than aging Japan, which will have 1:1 ratio by 2050.”
Source: Kamelia Angelova, Clusterstock, July 10, 2009.
Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Mortgage Purchase Index suggests an increase in home sales during June
“Multiple applications for the same property and a reduction in the number of mortgage bankers distorted the Purchase Index in 2007. The Mortgage Refinance Index also advanced 15.2% in the latest weekly tally.”
Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, July 8, 2009.
Bloomberg: Delinquencies on US home-equity loans reach record
“Delinquencies on home-equity loans climbed to 3.52% of all accounts from 3.03% in the fourth quarter, and late payments on home-equity lines of credit climbed to a record 1.89%, the group reported today. An index of eight types of loans rose for a fourth straight quarter, to 3.23% from 3.22% in October through December, the group said.
“‘The number one driver of delinquencies is job losses, which we’ve seen build and build,’ James Chessen, the group’s chief economist, said in a telephone interview. ‘Delinquencies won’t come down without a dramatic improvement in the economy and businesses will have to start hiring again.'”
Source: Margaret Chadbourn, Bloomberg, July 7, 2009.
Bloomberg: Distressed commercial property in US doubles to $108 billion
“There were 5,315 buildings in financial distress at the end of June, the New York-based real estate research firm said in a report issued today. That’s more than twice the number of troubled properties at the end of 2008.
“Hotels and retail properties are among the most ‘problematic’ assets following bankruptcy filings by mall owner General Growth Properties and Extended Stay America, according to the report. The scarcity of credit is causing property defaults in all regions and among every investor type, Real Capital said.
“‘Perhaps more alarming than the rapid growth in the distress totals is the very modest rate at which troubled situations are being resolved,’ the report said.
“About $4.1 billion of commercial properties have emerged from distress, according to Real Capital.
“‘In far more situations, modifications and short-term extensions are being granted, but these can hardly be considered resolved, only delayed,” the study said.”
Source: David Levitt, Bloomberg, July 8, 2009.
Bloomberg: Goldman trading-code investment put at risk by theft
“Sergey Aleynikov, an ex-Goldman Sachs computer programmer, was arrested July 3 after arriving at Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey, US officials said. Aleynikov, 39, who has dual American and Russian citizenship, is charged in a criminal complaint with stealing the trading software. Teza Technologies LLC, a Chicago-based firm co-founded by a former Citadel Investment Group LLC trader, said it suspended Aleynikov, who started there on July 2.
“At a court appearance July 4 in Manhattan, Assistant US Attorney Joseph Facciponti told a federal judge that Aleynikov’s alleged theft poses a risk to US markets. Aleynikov transferred the code, which is worth millions of dollars, to a computer server in Germany, and others may have had access to it, Facciponti said, adding that New York-based Goldman Sachs may be harmed if the software is disseminated.
“‘The bank has raised the possibility that there is a danger that somebody who knew how to use this program could use it to manipulate markets in unfair ways,’ Facciponti said, according to a recording of the hearing made public today. ‘The copy in Germany is still out there, and we at this time do not know who else has access to it.’
“The proprietary code lets the firm do ‘sophisticated, high-speed and high-volume trades on various stock and commodities markets,’ prosecutors said in court papers. The trades generate ‘many millions of dollars’ each year.”
Source: David Glovin and Christine Harper, Bloomberg, July 6, 2009.
Bloomberg: Stealing secrets from Goldman Sachs
Source: Bloomberg (via YouTube), July 9, 2009.
Bespoke: Investment grade corporate bonds holding up well
Source: Bespoke, July 9, 2009.
Barry Ritholtz (The Big Picture): S&P 500 vs CDs (1994-2008)
“One of them is risk averse. They put the money into Certificates of Deposits, getting a few percentage points each year, but the principal is insured.
“The other is less risk averse; they put money into an S&P 500 Index each year.
Stocks versus Certificates of Deposit (1994-2008)
“CDs in 2009 yield 1%-2%, as the market fell and then rally; if the S&P doesn’t perform well for the rest of this year, CDs will have more gains again.
“As of March, bonds had outperformed stocks from 1968 to 2009 – 40 years.”
Source: Barry Ritholtz, The Big Picture, July 7, 2009.
Bespoke: Oversold market reaching extremes
“Following the recent declines, the S&P 500 has now moved into oversold territory for the first time since March 11. On a sector basis, only two (Health Care and Consumer Staples) are currently above their 50-DMAs, while eight are below. Of the eight trading below their 50-days, six are currently oversold, and four of those (Consumer Discretionary, Energy, Industrials, and Materials) have reached ‘extreme’ oversold levels (two standard deviations below 50-DMA). Like the overall market, it has been a while since this many sectors were ‘extremely’ oversold. You have to go all the way back to the March 9 low to find a day when more sectors were oversold. If you’re bearish, this is the break you’ve been looking for, while if you’ve been waiting for a correction to get in, now is your chance.”
Source: Bespoke, July 8, 2009.
Bespoke: Just 24% of S&P 500 stocks are above their 50-day moving averages
Source: Bespoke, July 8, 2009.
Financial Times: Morgan Stanley lifts equities
“But he adds: ‘We are keeping an open mind and not turning outright bullish, as there are still plenty of uncertainties related to US housing, European earnings, the European banking system, the default cycle, Chinese growth and policy action.’
“Lower bond yields, a pull back in sentiment and falling equity prices are among the factors that have led Morgan Stanley to move 5% of their weighting from government bonds to equities.
“But with stronger signals still needed to take a stance on market direction either way, Mr Draaisma argues there are ‘plenty of opportunities to make money beyond the market direction call’ by pursuing a strategy that he describes as ‘the middle ground’.
“‘Macro and the next big market move has become everyone’s favourite investment topic over the past two years. We suspect it is time to move on to the micro of sectors, stocks and styles.’
“Among a large ‘middle ground’ of investment opportunities include ‘the forgotten market’ Japan and ‘sectors that are cheap and under-owned with improving fundamentals’ such as utilities, telcos and energy. Also ‘buying stocks with a management change, financial restructuring or a change of focus can be very lucrative’.”
Source: Teun Draaisma, Financial Times, July 6, 2009.
Richard Russell (Dow Theory Letters): March lows to be tested
“The fact is that in the market, nothing is more powerful or insistent than the great primary trend. The primary trend can best be compared with the tide of the ocean. All man’s efforts to thwart or turn the tide are like so many sand castles built on the edge of the nearest waves. The incoming tide will wash all the sand castles away, if not with the first wave then with the second or the third. Thus, the incoming tide will conquer all.
“This is why all of Obama’s and Bernanke’s and Geithner’s ‘sand castles’ will be washed away by the bear market. All that will be left will be crippled corporations and monster debts.
“Obama believes that Roosevelt with his spending and alphabet agencies ended the Great Depression. Sorry, President Obama, you are wrong. The Great Bear market and Depression finally ended when the bear market died of exhaustion on July 8, 1932. That was the day when the D-J Industrial Average halted its decline at Dow 41.22. At that time, the Dow provided a dividend yield of 10.2%. That’s when the bear market actually ended. It ended the way all bear markets do – in utter exhaustion.
“On another subject, I’ve felt all along that the government and the Fed should have allowed this bear market to run its course, rather than wasting trillions of dollars in an attempt to halt the bear market. Perhaps politically, this would have been impossible, but in the end it would have been better for the nation.
“Accordingly, although I certainly do not want to see the March lows violated, my studies suggest that the odds favor an eventual breaking of the March lows and then a much lower bear market.
“Sorry, those are my deepest and most truthful thoughts.”
Richard Russell (Dow Theory Letters): Gold looks interesting
“Below is a weekly picture showing the huge ‘head-and-shoulders’ pattern that has formed in gold. The obvious question is whether gold can rally to break out above the resistance at roughly 1,000. This is a potentially very powerful formation, and gold is at an exciting juncture. Hard to believe that this formation won’t eventually break out to the upside, but gold is the most emotional of all tradable items. The Fed does not want to see gold spurt higher, and there’s no telling what the Fed might do to halt gold’s progress.
“The supreme irony is that the Fed and the government want a lower devalued dollar, but they don’t want the world to see what they’re doing via surging gold.”
Source: Richard Russell, Dow Theory Letters, July 6, 2009.
David Fuller (Fullermoney): Risky assets temporarily in retreat
“Inevitably, this will influence monetary policy decisions, including quantitative easing, taken by many governments. Commodity price inflation is temporarily in retreat once again. The stock market correction will subdue talk of economic ‘green shoots’. Consequently government long-dated bond yields are retreating once again in what I believe will be a base formation extension phase. For instance, the US 10-year bond yield nearly doubled in rising from a low just above 2% in December 2008 to a high fractionally over 4% last month. A mean reversion towards 3% should not surprise us.
“While these recent trend reversals continue, many governments are likely to increase their efforts to cushion economic recession and stem the advance in unemployment figures. This will not be easy, as we have already seen. Nevertheless, having embarked on the road of quantitative easing, they are unlikely to change course until commodity prices, stock market indices and particularly long-dated government bond yields are strengthening once again.”
Source: David Fuller, Fullermoney, July 8, 2009.
Jeffrey Saut (Raymond James): Cautious, but not bearish
Source: Jeffrey Saut, Raymond James, July 6, 2009.
Bespoke: 62% is the magic number
Source: Bespoke, July 9, 2009.
MoneyNews: Zoellick – dollar reserve currency not at risk
“‘The US should take all these (remarks by) commentators as serious statements about the need to preserve the unique status of the dollar as a reserve currency,’ Zoellick said in an interview with Reuters by telephone ahead of a G8 leaders’ summit in Italy.
“‘That means making sure, that after the stimulus plans, to restore fiscal discipline and have a sound monetary policy,’ he added.
“China, Russia and Brazil have said they will use this week’s summit to push their view that the world needs to start seeking a new global reserve currency as an alternative to the dollar.
“However, G8 sources told Reuters they do not expect a serious discussion on the issue.”
Source: MoneyNews, July 7, 2009.
Fin24: Zimbabwe puts rand on table again
“Welshman Ncube, industry and commerce minister, was quoted by Reuters to have said on Tuesday that the country could not ‘… re-enter the Zimbabwe dollar without the economy to support that’.
“‘We need another solution. We cannot continue forever with multiple currencies,’ Ncube said. He was addressing an Africa forum in Zimbabwe.
“‘If we can at least join rand monetary union, we will have money allocated to Zimbabwe through that system,’ he said.
“The Zimbabwean dollar was abandoned at the beginning of the year, when runaway inflation and a thriving black market rendered the dollar virtually useless. The issue of Zimbabwe using the rand as its bespoke currency hit the news at the turn of the year but after several weeks of speculation the matter was ditched.
“Dawie Roodt, an analyst at Efficient Group said Zimbabwe does not have the means to peg its currency to the rand. ‘Whether they do it with or without the South African government’s permission, they need large currency reserves to enact such a plan, which don’t exist,’ he said.
“According to Roodt, Zimbabwe needs to focus on rebuilding its institutions to ensure a proper democracy, before any real improvement in the economy will be seen.”
Source: Leani Wessels, Fin24, July 7, 2009.
Financial Times: G8 shifts focus from food aid to farming
“The US and Japan will provide the bulk of the funding, with $3-4 billion each, with the rest coming from Europe and Canada, according to United Nations officials and Group of Eight diplomats briefed on the ‘L’Aquila Food Security Initiative’ – named after the Italian town where the summit is being held. Officials said that it would more than triple spending.
“At the summit beginning on Wednesday, G8 leaders will pledge to reverse ‘the tendency of decreasing official development aid and national financing to agriculture’, according to the draft declaration seen by the FT.
“‘The combined effect of long-standing underinvestment in agriculture and food security, price trends and the economic crisis have led to increased hunger,’ it states. ‘Food security is closely connected with economic growth and social progress as well as with political stability.’
“The G8 initiative underscores Washington’s new approach to fighting global hunger, reversing a two-decades-old policy focused almost exclusively on food aid. Hillary Clinton, US secretary of state, and Tom Vilsack, the agriculture secretary, have highlighted the shifting emphasis in recent speeches.”
Source : Javier Blas, Financial Times, July 6, 2009.
Peter Hickson (UBS): Cyclical recovery for metals
“‘We expect global economic growth to accelerate into 2011 as the full impact of stimulus programmes and accommodative monetary policies takes effect,’ says Mr Hickson.
“UBS has revised higher its metals and bulk commodity price forecasts for 2010.
“Among the biggest movers include copper, up 43% to $5,500 a tonne, silver, also up 43% to $18.30 a troy ounce, and nickel, up 33% to $700 a tonne.
“The copper market will remain tightly balanced for the foreseeable future as Chinese re-stocking prevents a sizeable inventory surplus from accumulating. But after buying between 500,000 and 700,000 tonnes of copper in the first half of 2009, Mr Hickson says China is now ‘overstocked’.
“China’s State Reserve Bureau has offered to sell up to 100,000 tonnes of copper back to the market and a significant portion of the stockpiles will be used to satisfy domestic demand.”
Source: Peter Hickson, UBS (via Financial Times), July 7, 2009.
MarketWatch: Regulator to consider limits on commodity speculators
“The Commodity Futures Trading Commission said Tuesday it will hold a series of hearings this summer on whether to limit investor positions in commodities to address the speculation that has roiled prices of everything from oil to wheat and corn in the last few years. The regulatory focus comes in the wake of trading patterns that saw oil jump to almost $150 a barrel last year, only to fall back to below $40 this spring before rising again to $70.
“Big pension and endowment funds in recent years have diversified their investments into commodities to hedge against inflation and a weaker dollar. Some positions grew so large that legislators and analysts said the trend was pushing oil prices to levels that couldn’t be justified by fundamentals.
“A MarketWatch analysis last week showed that passive investors increased their crude-oil holdings to the equivalent of more than 600 million barrels in June, up more than 30% from the end of last year, likely supporting the climb in oil prices.
“The Futures Industry Association, an industry group representing brokers, hedge funds and other futures market participants, said in a statement that it hopes the CFTC’s hearings ‘will address public concerns about the impact of speculation on futures market prices without causing these markets to become less fair, open and efficient’.
“‘FIA would be concerned by any measures to bar legitimate participants from these markets or that would make it less efficient for US corporations to use futures as a tool for managing price risk,’ it added.”
Source: Moming Zhou and Christina Burton, MarketWatch, July 7, 2009.
The New York Times: US-Russia nuclear agreement is first step in broad effort
“Mr. Obama, on his first visit to Russia since taking office, and President Dmitri Medvedev agreed on the basic terms of a treaty to reduce the number of warheads and missiles to the lowest levels since the early years of the cold war.
“The new treaty, to be finished by December, would be subject to ratification by the Senate and could then lead to talks next year on more substantial reductions.
“The progress reflected an effort to re-establish ties a year after Russia’s war with Georgia left the relationship more strained than at any time since the fall of the Soviet Union. The two sides agreed to resume military contacts suspended after the Georgia war and sealed a deal allowing the United States to send thousands of flights of troops and weapons to Afghanistan through Russian airspace each year.
“They remained at loggerheads over American plans to build a missile defense system in Eastern Europe, which Washington describes as a hedge against an Iranian nuclear breakthrough and which Russia vehemently opposes as a threat in its backyard.
“But after hours of meetings at the Kremlin, the presidents agreed to conduct a joint assessment of any Iranian threat and presented a united front against the spread of nuclear weapons.
“Mr. Obama hailed the arms agreement as an example for the world as he pursued a broader agenda aimed at countering – and eventually eliminating – the spread of nuclear weapons, a goal he hopes to make a defining legacy of his presidency.”
Source: Clifford Levy and Peter Baker, The New York Times, July 6, 2009.
Financial Times: Obama urges end to Cold War distrust
Click here for the article.
Source: Financial Times, July 7, 2009.
Financial Times: Bern to block UBS record transfer to US
“Bern warned it might go as far as confiscating the data, should a US court in Miami rule the bank was obliged to transfer the client names requested.
“The move marks a major escalation in the war of words between Bern and Washington over US demands that UBS hand over names of up to 52,000 US taxpayers holding offshore accounts in Switzerland.
“Although the Swiss government is not directly involved, Bern is represented as a ‘friend of the court’. In a filing revealed Wednesday, the government warned it would issue a blocking order and, if necessary, confiscate all relevant material, to prevent UBS from complying, should the Miami court side with the US authorities.
“‘The enforcement of the summons would require UBS to violate Swiss law,’ it said.
“UBS has argued such matters are best handled bilaterally between governments. The US has contended its action is valid, as UBS has admitted that Switzerland-based bankers broke US laws when visiting clients in America.
“Last February, UBS agreed to pay $780 million to settle a separate, but linked, criminal action by the US authorities. However, a civil case requiring the bank to reveal up to 52,000 client identities remained open, culminating in next week’s hearings.
“Swiss ministers have acknowledged UBS made mistakes in soliciting business from US clients and have recognised the bank will face heavy penalties. Observers expect an out-of-court settlement, involving heavy fines and possibly other sanctions. But while the bank has long appeared ready for a deal, the US has held out for names, raising pressure on UBS and turning the affair into a diplomatic issue.”
Source: Haig Simonian, Financial Times, July 8, 2009.
2 comments to Words from the (investment) wise for the week that was (July 6 – 12, 2009)
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